Gandhi And Nelson Mandela Essay

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Nelson Mandela

...Nelson Mandela known as “Madiba” in South Africa not only liberated his country from violent prejudice but also helped to unite Black and white. And the method he chose is never done or seen before. He is the great leader and the closest thing the world has to a secular saint. Jailed for 27 years, he emerged to become the country's first black president and to play a leading role in the drive for peace in other spheres of conflict.. He overthrew apartheid and created a nonracial democratic South Africa by knowing precisely when and how to transition between his roles as warrior, martyr, diplomat and statesman. He never learned to bow his head within his 9000 days in Robben Island as a prisoner. He walked slowly and with his head high, he taught everyone how to be fearless. His upright and proud nature kept the other prisoners in hope and belief. He believed everything has different values. And every matter can be solved with tactics. Uncomfortable with philosophical concepts, he used the tactics to conquer the world he dreamt of. Hence by, he can be named as master tactician. The other thing Mandela believed is that ingratiating the enemy is half of wining. By speaking his opponents' language, he might understand their strengths and weaknesses and formulate tactics accordingly. He talked with Afrikaners and he understood the situation. He knew the black and the Afrikaners have something in common. They believed themselves to be Africans as much as Black did. He knew,...

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Nelson Mandela

...the years have been Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela. He went to college to study law in1938, but already two years later he was expelled because he participated in a student strike. Luckily Mandela got a job at daytime so he could study in the evenings, and in 1942 he received his university degree. Mandela has been politically involved since he was a teenager, nad already as a twentysix year old he started his political career in the African National congress - ANC (Black people established the African National Congress in 1912 to fight against apartheid and for civil disobedience). Nelson early became one of the most important leaders in the party because ofhis strong opposition against aparheid. Mandela was jailed for the first time in 1952 for having arrranged a peaceful civil rights campaign. This demonstration did no change any of the apartheid laws, but the work wasnt useless. When some got arrested, others came to take the arresteds place. the number of members in ANC rose from 10000 to 100000. The racial discrimination created a special concord among all the people that was called "non-white". The campaign got attention also internationally. The participants dicipøine, their self sacrificing work and relationship to eachother was noticed all over the world. After a while Nelson Mandela was considered South-Africa's national foregrounds-figure in international media. ANC was banned in 1960 because the party opposed strongly to white supremacy. Mandela was forced to......

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Mohandas Gandhi and Nelson Mandela

...Two of the most famous leaders Mohandas Gandhi in India and Nelson Mandela in African. There are many notable peacemakers who are famous in recent history. Mohandas Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869 and Nelson Mandela was born on July 18, 1918. One many have heard about, and the other some might not have heard about. However, they both are well known for many of their good deeds. This essay will show how much the two leaders are different and similar. Mohandas Gandhi was born in Porbandar, India and was killed by a fanatic, he studied law and came to advocate for the rights of Indians, both at home and in South Africa. Gandhi became a leader of India's independence movement, organizing boycotts against British institutions in peaceful forms of civil disobedience, in 1948. As a nationalist leader he studied law in London and England, but in 1893 went to South Africa, where he spent 20 years opposing discriminatory legislation against Indians. As a pioneer of Satyagraha, or resistance through mass non-violent civil disobedience, he became one of the major political and spiritual leaders of his time. Satyagraha remains one of his most potent philosophies in freedom struggles throughout the world today. For example he said, “An eye for an eye only ends up making the whole world blind."(progressive.org). And “The weak can never forgive. Forgiveness is the attribute of the strong.” (progressive.org). Nelson Mandela was born in Mveso, Transkei, South Africa. Becoming actively......

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Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi

...Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (pronounced [ˈmoːɦənd̪aːs ˈkərəmtʃənd̪ ˈɡaːnd̪ʱi] ( listen); 2 October 1869 – 30 January 1948) was the preeminent leader of Indian nationalism in British-ruled India. Employing non-violent civil disobedience, Gandhi led India to independence and inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world. The honorific Mahatma (Sanskrit: "high-souled," "venerable"[2])—applied to him first in 1914 in South Africa,[3]—is now used worldwide. He is also called Bapu (Gujarati: endearment for "father,"[4] "papa."[4][5]) in India. Born and raised in a Hindu, merchant caste, family in coastal Gujarat, western India, and trained in law at the Inner Temple, London, Gandhi first employed non-violent civil disobedience as an expatriate lawyer in South Africa, in the resident Indian community's struggle for civil rights. After his return to India in 1915, he set about organising peasants, farmers, and urban labourers to protest against excessive land-tax and discrimination. Assuming leadership of the Indian National Congress in 1921, Gandhi led nationwide campaigns for easing poverty, expanding women's rights, building religious and ethnic amity, ending untouchability, but above all for achieving Swaraj or self-rule. Gandhi famously led Indians in challenging the British-imposed salt tax with the 400 km (250 mi) Dandi Salt March in 1930, and later in calling for the British to Quit India in 1942. He was imprisoned for many years, upon many occasions, in......

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Nelson Mandela

...FULL NAME: Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela OCCUPATION: Civil Rights Activist, World Leader, Writer BIRTH DATE: July 18, 1918 DEATH DATE: December 05, 2013 EDUCATION: Clarkebury Boarding Institute, Wesleyan College, University College of Fort Hare, University of London, University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg PLACE OF BIRTH: Mveso, Transkei, South Africa PLACE OF DEATH: Johannesburg, South Africa Also known as: Nelson Mandela NICKNAME: Madiba ORIGINALLY: Rolihlahla Mandela NICKNAME: Black Pimpernel Nelson Mandela was married three times to wives: Evelyn Ntoko Mase, Nomazmo Winifred Madikizela and his present wife Graca Machel. He got his English name from his teacher. In the 23 years since Nelson Mandela walked from his notorious Robben Island prison cell, leaving behind the rotting corpse of South Africa’s system of racial and economic oppression known as apartheid. A Black South African, for example, could be beaten for not looking away, in order to avoid looking directly into the face of a White person. This system of racial segregation was enforced through legislation by the National Party (NP). Apartheid as an official policy was introduced following the general election of 1948. Apartheid policy was maintained by a range of laws that included the prohibition of inter-racial sex or marriage.  People in South Africa were segregated into categories of white, black, Coloured, Indian (or Asian). In 1958 Blacks were deprived of their citizenship. There......

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Nelson Mandela

...Rolihlahla Mandela was born into the Madiba clan in Mvezo, Transkei, on July 18, 1918, to Nonqaphi Nosekeni and Nkosi Mphakanyiswa Gadla Mandela, principal counsellor to the Acting King of the Thembu people, Jongintaba Dalindyebo. His father died when he was 12 years old (1930) and the young Rolihlahla became a ward of Jongintaba at the Great Place in Mqhekezweni.* Hearing the elder’s stories of his ancestor’s valour during the wars of resistance, he dreamed also of making his own contribution to the freedom struggle of his people. He attended primary school in Qunu where his teacher Miss Mdingane gave him the name Nelson, in accordance with the custom to give all school children “Christian” names. He completed his Junior Certificate at Clarkebury Boarding Institute and went on to Healdtown, a Wesleyan secondary school of some repute, where he matriculated. Nelson Mandela began his studies for a Bachelor of Arts degree at the University College of Fort Hare but did not complete the degree there as he was expelled for joining in a student protest. He completed his BA through the University of South Africa and went back to Fort Hare for his graduation in 1943. On his return to the Great Place at Mqhekezweni the King was furious and said if he didn’t return to Fort Hare he would arrange wives for him and his cousin Justice. They ran away to Johannesburg instead, arriving there in 1941. There he worked as a mine security officer and after meeting Walter......

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Nelson Mandela

...be courageous, a person should have bravery, perseverance, and honesty Nelson Mandela, the former president of South Africa, did not choose to take an easy walk to freedom. Mandela is respected throughout the word for his integrity, courage, and dignity to be able to help his people in South Africa. . Nelson Mandela is well renowned in his country as a hero for his courage to stand for what he believed in and endured years in prison to help his country towards freedom. Nothing in life that is worth having is easy. Nelson Mandela accepted the challenge for freedom which was worth having and went for the greater good of his people. John f. Kennedy, former president of the United States who also fought about equality wrote about the profiles of courage. He stated that “ A man does what he must—in spite of personal consequences, in spite of the obstacles and dangers and pressures—and that is the basis of all human morality” (225). A man of courage does whatever he can to make a difference or to fight for what they believe in despite the harsh consequences that are to come. BBC Commentator Brian Walden stated that Nelson Mandela is "perhaps the most generally admired figure of our age and falls short of the giants of the past" (Brink). There are many big names in our history that has displayed courage in many places. Nelson Mandela, on the other hand, is an important figure for all South Americans. Nelson Mandela displayed the true example of a man of immovable determination.......

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Nelson Mandela

...Jonathan Logan Psych 100 Prof. Hill 6 May. 2014 Nelson Mandela I was really excited when I heard there was going to be a talk about Nelson Mandela and Amy Bhiel story because I remember during my freshman year at Whittier I attended the same talk but I forgot some of the things that I learned the first time. This talk was interesting because it provided a different look into the complicated situations that occurred during Nelson Mandela’s leadership in South Africa. However, we learned about Amy Bhiel who was an idealistic Stanford graduate and an antiapartheid activist who was in support of the black Africans during the apartheid era in South Africa. Then one day in South Africa, Amy was driving some of her young black colleagues back home when her car was attacked and she was stabbed. However, this event was ironic because the men that killed her thought that she was against them but in fact she was in complete support of the antiapartheid movement. We learned that the apartheid movement was caused by extreme tensions between the white Africans and Black Africans in South Africa but Nelson Mandela emerged as a revolutionary leader to break the apartheid movement. Through his ways of leading and his projection of tolerance, Nelson Mandela helped South Africa to eventually come together in favor of breaking the apartheid. Also, the death of Amy Bhiel allowed for a foundation to be created in honor of her sacrifice. Overall, I am glad that I attended this talk because...

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Nelson Mandela

...Perseverance and Integrity in the Face of Trials and Tribulations: Nelson Mandela’s Role in the Realization of Racial Equality and Freedom in South Africa Table of Contents Introduction………………………………………………………………………..2 Chaos and Dissension in South Africa…………………………………………...3 Mandela – The Charismatic Leader……………………………………………….5 Iconic Image of Integrity and Perseverance………...…………………….………6 Uniting the African National Congress……………..………………………....….9 Mandela Takes Reconciliatory Action…………….………………………….….11 Mandela’s Unique Advantage ……………………..……………………….……13 Conclusion……………………………….…………..……………………………15 Bibliography……………………………….…………..………………………….16 Introduction The iconic figure of Nelson Mandela stands today as a perpetual symbol of perseverance in the long battle to dismantle apartheid. It was a battle for which he was “prepared to die for,” a struggle against not only white domination but also black domination.[1] However, as the apartheid era drew to a close, Mandela’s crusade for a democratic “rainbow nation”[2] looked despairingly unattainable as South Africa came perilously close to descending into utter chaos. Nevertheless, Mandela, long time anti-apartheid activist and leader in the African National Congress (ANC), continued the struggle for his dream of a multicultural nation. Some have expressed the opinion that though the African National Congress was without a doubt......

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Nelson Mandela

...Nelson Mandela originally born Rolihlahla was born on July 18, 1918 in a small village of Myezo to a chief named Gadla Henry Mphakanyiswa. He was exposed to a family of pride from the moment he was born. He was the first person in his family to attend a school and was given the name Nelson while attending. His father died when he was nine years old, putting him under the guardianship of Jongintaba. He attended a Wesleyan School and College and completed his Junior Certificate in only 2 years rather than 3. He then continued his education at the college in Fort Beaufort called Fort Hare University studying for a Bachelor of Arts degree. Nelson became close friends with two men while attending this school both becoming great influences in his life. One was Oliver Tambo and the other was Kaiser ‘K.D’ Matanzima which was up next for the Transkei throne. Due to being involved with the student representative council and their boycott against university policies, Mandela didn’t complete his Bachelor of Arts degree and was later ordered to leave the college. This is thought to be the first outward representation of Mandela’s political activism. Mandela ran away to Johannesburg after refusing an arranged marriage proposal. He found work there as a guard at a mine, but was dismissed because they saw him as a royal runaway. He moved on to study law at the University of Witwatersrand where he got his degree. Mandela met three influential people while attending The University of......

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Nelson Mandela

...Nelson Mandela INTRODUCTION I. Attention-getter: “During my lifetime I have dedicated myself to this struggle of the African people. I have fought against white domination, and I have fought against black domination. I have cherished the ideal of a democratic and free society in which all persons live together in harmony and with equal opportunities. It is an ideal which I hope to live for and to achieve. But if needs be, it is an ideal for which I am prepared to die.” II. Introduce Person or group of people: This is a quote from the former President of South Africa, Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela, known more often by his people as Madiba. He is a symbol of freedom and hope, a symbol of a better South Africa, a better world. III. Preview Main Points: Throughout his entire life, Nelson Mandela has showed some true passion, commitment, and forgiveness. BODY I. During the years 1948 and 1993 South Africa was under the rule of the National Party government and the Apartheid. The Apartheid was an official policy that dealt with racial segregation involving political, legal and economic discrimination against nonwhites that was highly enforced. It was during this period where Nelson Mandela showed his true passion. He stood against the Nationalist Party, describing them as being like a grave, beautiful on the outside, and full of evil inside. He took a leadership role in the the African National Congress, the opposing party against the reigning government. It was by......

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Nelson Mandela

...Nelson Mandela He worked as a mine security officer there and after meeting Walter Sisulu, an estate agent, he was introduced to Lazer Sidelsky. Then he did his articles through a firm of attorneys, Witkin Eidelman and Sidelsky. He completed his BA through the University of South Africa and went back to Fort Hare for his graduation in 1943. Meanwhile he began studying for an LLB at the University of the Witwatersrand. By his own admission he was a poor student and left the university in 1952 without graduating. He only started studying again through the University of London, after being in prison, in 1962 but also did not complete that degree. In 1989, during his last months of being in prison, he obtained an LLB through the University of South Africa. He graduated in absentia at a ceremony in Cape Town. Nelson Mandela, while continuing to get politically involved from 1942, only joined the African National Congress in 1944 when he helped to create the ANC Youth League. In 1944 he married Walter Sisulu’s cousin Evelyn Mase, who was a nurse. They had two sons, Madiba Thembekile "Thembi" and Makgatho and two daughters both called Makaziwe, the first one died in infancy. He and his wife divorced in 1958. Nelson Mandela rose through the ranks of the ANCYL and through its efforts, the ANC adopted a more radical mass-based policy, the Programme of Action in 1949. In 1952 he was chosen at the National Volunteer-in-Chief of the Defiance Campaign with Maulvi Cachalia as......

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Nelson Mandela

...leaders was Nelson Mandela with his peaceful fight for civil rights in South Africa. Nelson Mandela was a man who was true to his word and dedicated to equality and peace. The fact that he was president isn’t what makes him stand out, but the fact that he effectively executed many of the leadership qualities we learned about in class, is what makes such a great leader. One of the first traits that were exhibited by Nelson Mandela is “Model the Way”. He was a devoted believer in non-violence resistance methods for the fight for equality, and that is exactly what he displayed. He first became active in politics with the election of the “Afrikaner-dominated National Party”. He stayed true to his belief of non-violence resistance, which he adopted from Gandhi, and was arrested and charged with treason. I believed that he stayed true to his beliefs even if that meant imprisonment. Nelson Mandela also showed characteristics of “Model the Way” while in office. Although some were suspicious about his approach, he was persistent on what he believed and made sure that he also presented himself the way that he needed to be seen. He believed in equality and therefore made his whole staff that way by adding non-African men to his security staff. This is a great example of “Modeling the Way”, because when Nelson Mandela meant equality, he really meant it for all and so he implemented that idea within his staff. Another leadership trait is clearly shown by Nelson Mandela was......

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Nelson Mandela

...Long Walk to Freedom by Nelson Mandela– Book Review "…calm, patient determination to reclaim this country as your own, and now the joy that we can loudly proclaim from the rooftops--Free at last! Free at last! ... This is a time to heal the old wounds and build a new South Africa." Nelson Mandela fought his entire life. Nelson Mandela fought a fight for civil rights in South Africa on the streets and behind the prison walls. Even after 27 years behind those walls Mandela maintained his dignity and rose to be the first Black President of South Africa. Nelson Mandela's Autobiography "Long Walk to Freedom" was written up to the point Mandela won the first free election in South Africa in 1994. Before reading the summary that follows the reader should know that this is an autobiography, written by Mandela himself, so there will be bias, but by doing some external research on Mandela you would find that Mandela is not a person to hold a grudge against his oppressors. In the Tra... ... middle of paper ... ...ts or tables but in the spirit of it following a mans story there could only be a time line, but a time line would be overwhelmed by the 27 years Mandela spent in prison. Long Walk to Freedom is a useful book and makes a contribution to the reader on the understanding of the struggle all minorities (and even majorities) of oppressed people face. And how a good soul can rise above the hatred and forgive his oppressors to be a universally acclaimed symbol for......

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Nelson Mandela

...person, Nelson Mandela is only a hero to a certain extent because he did commit crimes during his lifetime that have a negative effect on his legacy, which a lot of people do not know about. But for the most part, Mandela has left a heroic legacy, mostly for ending apartheid in South Africa. Apartheid was a system of legal racial segregation enforced by the National Party governament of South Africa between 1948 and 1994. Although Nelson Mandela was wrong to be involved with the violent ways of the Umkhonto we Sizwe, he was a hero in South Africa because of his role in ending apartheid and racial inequality in South Africa, and because of his strong leadership he provided for several years. Nelson Mandela was involved with violent and communist activities during his struggle to end racial inequality in South Africa. Despite all of his heroic efforts, Mandela was the founder and commander of the military wing of the African You must Login to view the entire essay. If you are not a member yet, Sign Up for free! National Congress, the Umkhonto we Sizwe. The Umkhonto we Sizwe, or the MK was known as a terrorist outfit. But Mandela never personally killed anyone (Dyer). After Mandela's release from prison, he made a speech. In that speech, he spoke on his role in the MK. He said, “I admit immediately that I was one of the persons who helped to form Umkhonto we Sizwe, and that I played a prominent role in its affairs until I was arrested in August 1962” (Mcintire). Mandela......

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The legacies of Nelson Mandela and Mahatma Gandhi transcend time, in terms of the impacts they each had on civil rights and equality.  They were men of different times, yet they drew upon similar principles in their quests to help humanity.  While their causes were distinct to each of their homelands, they inspired similar reverence among followers, eventually standing as inspiration worldwide.

Commitment to Equality

Nelson Mandela was born in 1918, losing his father at a young age.  As he grew, he gained inspiration from the ancestral tales shared by his caretakers and others familiar with the wars of resistance. As he secured formal education, Nelson Mandela became more outspoken for causes of the suppressed, eventually being expelled from school for protesting; only to return later to earn his Bachelor of Arts degree from the University of South Africa.

Additional schooling allowed him to practice law, fortifying his ability to be heard addressing social issues.  In 1952, Mandela drew a nine-month jail sentence for his role organizing civil disobedience against South African racial policies.  The sentence was suspended.

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, who earned the revered Mahatma designation later, in 1915, was born in 1869.  Raised in western India, he later studied law in London, before practicing in South Africa.  It was there, ironically in Nelson Mandela’s home country, where Gandhi first used civil disobedience to advocate for civil rights for the country’s resident Indian population.  Famously, in 1906, Gandhi was ejected from a first-class rail car in South Africa for not holding racial status to be allowed there. Upon returning to India in 1915, he began to formally mobilize the country’s oppressed residents, protesting discrimination and unjust taxation.

While each of these men took unique paths to prominence, a shared sense of equality and belief that society’s oppressed citizens must stand together, provide fundamental cornerstones of their philosophies for bringing change for the masses.

Inner Journeys Projected Outwardly

Mandela was imprisoned in the early 1960s, where he remained held under a life sentence until 1990.  Similarly, Gandhi was jailed multiple times in South Africa, as well as his Indian homeland.  While Gandhi initially supported prevailing racial segregation in South Africa, his personal journey enlightened him to the plight of downtrodden people, fostering changes in his world view.  As a result of these individual experiences, both men embraced unity, brotherhood and hope as cornerstones of their views of humanity. In both cases, inner revelations guided them to adopt non-violent approaches to social change, projecting deeply held personal beliefs for the sake of mass change.

While Gandhi is associated with a nationalist revival in India, and Mandela is thought to be more political in his ambitions, the two men shared another similarity in the ways they viewed self-determination.  In a macro sense, they each promoted society’s right to self-rule, advocating for entire classes of people, as they did.  But the men also held parallel views of each citizen’s personal right to self-freedom, drawing on the value of manual labor and grounded pursuits to support their views.

Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated on 30 January 1948, by a man with radical Hindu ties.  In much the same way Mandela was martyred as a prisoner, Gandhi endures beyond life, as an inspirational force for fairness, equality and opportunity for self-determination. Nelson Mandela passed-away on 5 December, 2013, reigniting passion for the principles he held dear.

Sarah Brooks

Based in Houston, Sarah blogs for Freepeoplesearch.org. Questions and comments can be sent to brooks.sarah23 @ gmail.com.

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